Health articles

Digestive Disorders
21 May 2022

Digestive Disorders

Digestive disorders are diseases of the digestive tract. The digestive tract is made up of the oesophagus, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, stomach, small intestines, and large intestines. Different factors contribute to the cause of these digestive infections. Common causes include bacteria, viruses and inflammation. Digestive disorders can range from mild to severe.

Overview- What is it?

 A joint is a meeting point of two or more bones examples include the knee, elbow, hip or shoulder. Joint disorders may be due to injuries or diseases that damage the space between a muscle and a bone. Treatment of joint problems depends on the cause. If you have a sports injury, the recommended treatment often includes; enough rest and placing ice on the injured part to relieve pain, reduce swelling, and speed healing. Other possible treatments include pain relievers, keeping the injured area from moving, rehabilitation, and sometimes surgery. You may need joint replacement surgery for arthritis, injuries, or other diseases to remove the damaged joint and put in a new one.

Causes- What Causes It?

Possible causes of joint disorders may include:

  • Injuries that may cause degenerative arthritis
  • Family history - you are likely to get joint diseases such as osteoarthritis if your parents had the disease
  • infections such as arthritis of Lyme disease
  • immune system dysfunction, e.g. lupus
Symptoms- What do you feel?
The symptoms vary as there are different types of joint disorders, but here are some of the common symptoms likely to be experienced;

    Diagnosis- How do you Diagnose it?

    The doctor may perform a physical exam and ask about your medical history. The tests needed to diagnose joint, bone or other orthopaedic disorders may depend on what condition your doctor thinks you might have. The test could include:

      • Pain in the joints
      • Swelling on the joint or the injured parts
      • Difficulty in moving a joint
      • Muscle stiffness
      • Bone X-rays
      • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
      • Blood tests
      • A joint aspiration, which involves drawing fluid from the joint for examination

      Treatment- How is it treated?

      The type of treatment one needs depends on the type and severity of the joint, bone and other orthopaedic disorders; some of the most common modes of joint treatments include; 

      • Joint and soft tissue injections- are medicines inserted with a needle into a joint or a soft tissue space (e.g. the space between a muscle and a bone) to ease the pain. 
      • Joint replacement surgery- involves removing damaged or diseased parts of a joint and replacing them with new, artificial features. The knee, shoulder, ankle, spinal and many more as indicated below.

      Other Orthopaedic Treatments.

      • Fusion of joints: This procedure is used to fuse two bones that make up the joints that are painful due to arthritis.
      • Meniscal Repair: This is done using Arthroscopic Meniscal repair anchors after the inner part of the meniscus at the white area is trimmed.

      Prevention- How do you prevent joint disorders?

      Some of the ways you can reduce your risk of getting joint or bone disorders include:

      1. Eating a diet rich in fruit and vegetables rich in vitamin D and calcium helps strengthen your bones.
      2. Staying physically active and exercising regularly helps bone density, improves muscle strength and joint flexibility, and enhances your balance. Exercises that can help you reduce the risk of developing bone and joint disorders include regular walking, strength training, swimming, dancing, yoga, bike riding, gardening, and similar low-impact activities.
      3. Reducing stress
      4. Not smoking cigarettes or using other tobacco products.
      5. Use alcohol in moderation; if you do drink